Word2Vec is probably the go-to algorithm for vectorizing text data these days. Which makes sense, because it is wicked cool. Word2Vec has it all: neural networks, skip-grams and bag-of-words implementations, a multiclass classifier that gets swapped out for a binary classifier, made-up dummy words, and a model that isn't actually used to predict anything (usually). And all that's before we get to the part about how Word2Vec allows you to do algebra with text. Seriously, this stuff is cool.